What is a Herniated Disc?

A herniated disc is a common injury that can affect any part of the spine. A herniated disc can cause severe pain and other problems in the arms or legs. Treatment options for herniated disc depend on the location and severity of the injury. A herniated disc may be treated with pain-relieving medications, muscle relaxers and corticosteroid injections.

What is Facet Joint Syndrome?

This condition is a deterioration of the facet joints, which help stabilize the spine and limit excessive motion. The facet joints are lined with cartilage and are surrounded by a lubricating capsule that enables the vertebrae to bend and twist. Facet joint syndrome occurs when the facet joints become stressed and damaged. This damage can occur from everyday wear and tear, injury to the back or neck or because of degeneration of an intervertebral disc.

What is Degenerative Disc Disease?

This condition is a weakening of one or more vertebral discs, which normally act as a cushion between the vertebrae. This condition can develop as a natural part of the aging process, but it may also result from injury to the back. Some people experience pain, numbness or tingling in the legs. Strong pain tends to come and go. Bending, twisting and sitting may make the pain worse. Lying down relieves pressure on the spine.

Where Back Pain Begins

Back pain is an extremely common complaint, with statistics suggesting that approximately 80% of adults in the United States will suffer from back pain at some point during their lifetime. Back pain can be experienced anywhere in the spine, but is most commonly found in the lower back. Back pain is the number one cause of job related disability and is one of the main reasons individuals miss time from work.

Anatomy of the Spine

The spinal column is the body’s main support structure. It has thirty-three bones, called vertebrae, which are divided into five regions: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral and coccygeal. It surrounds and protects your spinal cord much like a conduit around an electrical cord. The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that run from your brain through your spinal column and branch out to the rest of the body.  The spinal cord connects the brain to the rest of the body.

About Pain Management

Pain management is a term that is used to describe various healthcare techniques that are available to help reduce pain and discomfort that is associated with a variety of pain conditions. In addition, these therapies often help to improve the patient’s quality of life. Pain management is particularly relevant to patients suffering from chronic pain conditions as these conditions often have a significant negative impact on a patient’s physiological and psychological health if left untreated.

What is an Axillary Brachial Plexus Block?

This outpatient procedure numbs the arm and hand with an injection of local anesthetic. Typically, it is used before or after surgery on the elbow, forearm or hand. The numbing sensation will last for several hours after the injection. The arm will be placed in a sling until the nerve block wears off. When the anesthesia wears off, painkillers may be needed to alleviate pain from the procedure.